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The Agricultural Research Centre (ARC) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MALR) is the major engine of agricultural development in Egypt. Since its inception in 1971, it has been mandated to design and implement agricultural research programs within the framework of Egypt's strategy for economic and social development.

The ARC is a semi-autonomous, state-owned research institution governed by a Board of Directors and chaired by the MALR. It embodies 16 services of the Central Administration, 16 research institutes, 8 central laboratories, 10 regional stations, 46 specific research stations, and 23 research administrations throughout Egypt’s governorates and employs more than 9,000 researchers and scientists.

The type of research conducted in ARC is mainly applied research to serve the Egyptian Economy, society welfare and prosperity of the Egyptian people.

Within the national agricultural strategies ARC assumes the following major functions:Developing appropriate agriculture technology needed to ensure the continuous development of agricultural production; Producing new varieties of various field and horticultural crops besides new breeds of livestock, affects agricultural production positively; Planning and implementing research, extension and training programs based on the principle of integrated research, extension teams in all aspects of agricultural activities to effect sustainable upgrading of Egyptian agriculture; Optimizing use of agricultural natural resources, reducing production cost, increasing competitiveness of Egyptian agricultural productions, finding practical solutions to agricultural production constraints, pressuring environment and achieving sustainability of Egyptian agricultural development; Transfer of new technologies to the farming community through extension service, and monitoring their adoption by the end users.

ARC has recently oriented its research programs more towards achieving productivity gains in view of the already limited land and water resource base. New varieties, including shorter-duration ones, have been developed and released; new animal breeds were produced to maximize productivity. Soil amelioration and rationalized use of agro-chemicals is a major focus area of the ARC. Our scientists also participate in product standard-setting to enhance Egypt's competitiveness in the world markets.

MHESRT is responsible and supervise the National programmes on Scientific Research. MHESRT, through a specific research directorate general, supports the execution of research programmes inside research laboratories and units through the softening of procedures outlining the use of allocated funds to scientific activities of these structures.

Other relevant tasks are: the promotion of innovation and technological development by supporting innovative firms and underlining the results of research, strengthening partnership between research structures and firms, and giving birth to an ambitious programme for the setting-up of technoparks and nurseries of firms.

MHESRT aims also towards the mobilisation of financial resources coming from the public and private sectors, and international cooperation to the benefit of the sector.

MHESRT is also involved in the adoption of measures that would further involve Tunisian scientific competencies abroad in the identification, execution and evaluation of research programmes of priority.

International cooperation

Finally, through the international cooperation directorate general participates in the research and innovation policy dialogue within MoCo.  It also participated in several EU project within FP6 (EUROMEDANET, FOODNCO, PROMEDACCESS, IDEATLIST and ERAMED) and is an active partner of MIRA and Bilat project ETC supported by FP7.

The Centre of Biotechnology of Borj-Cedria(CBBC), which is involved in ARIMNet2, undertakes specific research on technology transfer and consulting activities in the field of biotechnology (environment, plant, bacteria...).

These research activities aim in particular to the:

§Establishment of biotechnological methodologies to improve the crop’s tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses,

§enhancement of biological agricultures resources,

§environmental preservation, and

§exploitation and improvement of local genetic resources.


The Centre of Biotechnology of Borj-Cedriais part of the Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche Scientifique.


International cooperation

The Centre is actively participating in several Scientific Networks in Africa, Europe, Asia and America (IPGRI- ICARDA- OIV- NEPAD- ICBA- ABFuGEN- AQUARIZ- COST, Biocircle, EMAP, Health Food for Life). These activities are more particularly carried out within the framework of several research projects, namely 11 European research projects and 21 International bilateral projects.

The Malta Council for Science and Technology (MCST) within the Office of the Prime Minister is the national advisory body on science, technology research and innovation policy. The MCST is responsible for identifying and addressing major science and technology challenges and issues of strategic importance for Malta, thereby contributing to the development of coherent and sustainable policy visions and initiatives.

MCST’s main remit is to encourage increased public and private investments in science, research and innovation with a view to embedding a culture for science, technology and innovation. Besides compiling the National Strategic Plan for Research and Innovation 2007-2010 and the New R&I Strategic Plan 2011-2020, the Council is also responsible for the National Science Popularisation Strategy. Since 2010, the Council has been operating under the auspices of the Office of the Prime Minister with a renewed remit to ensure strategic coordination of research and innovation policies across Ministries. 

The Malta Council for Science and Technology is the National Funding organisation for Research and Innovation in Malta. In support of the Strategic Plan, the Council provides state financing in the form of grants for research, development and innovation in science and technology which aim to support knowledge transfer between academia and industry with specific focus on the four priority sectors identified in the National R&I Strategy namely Environment and Energy Resources, ICT, Value Added Manufacturing and Health and Biotechnology.

International cooperation

The MCST is also the national agency responsible for spearheading and coordinating Malta’s participation in the EU Framework Programme for Research and has been highly successful in ensuring a high level of participation in the programme. The Council is also participating in over 30 FP7 projects which include a number of NCP projects.

The Malta Council for Science and Technology is currently participating in 3 FP7 ERANet projects:

§  ICT-AGRI - Coordination of European research on ICT and robotics in agriculture and related environmental issues. The overall goal of ICT-AGRI is to strengthen the European Research Area and develop a common European research agenda concerning ICT and robotics in agriculture.

§  SEAS-ERA - Towards Integrated Marine Research Strategy and Programmes isa partnership of the leading Marine RTD Funding Organizations in 18 countries. In addition, a range of observers are associated with the project. SEAS-ERA aims at coordinating the national and regional RTD activities.

§  BS ERA-NET - Networking on science and technology in the Black Sea region. The main objectives of the BS-ERA.NET project are to reduce the fragmentation of the European Research Area (ERA) by improving the coherence and coordination of national and regional research programmes and to develop and strengthen the coordination of public research programmes conducted at national and regional level in the Black Sea Region.

The mandate of General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policy (GDAR) is the Agricultural research management (call announcement and evaluation of project proposals; funding, coordination, monitoring & evaluation, and impact assessment of supported projects) in the fields of plant breeding and production, plant protection, animal breeding and husbandry, animal health, fishery and aquaculture, food and feed, postharvest technologies, biodiversity/genetic resources, organic agriculture, biosafety, soil and water resources management and rural development.

Its targets are the setting of priorities of agricultural research for the Country and allocating the available resources to the programs and projects according to the priorities; improving the productivity and quality of agricultural products through research and helping improving the incomes of farmers, protecting the natural resources (including soil & water, fauna, genetic resources of plants and animals) and the environment for sustainable utilization; disseminating the research results; following the adoption of the project outcomes; improving the system for research management and information and make available for the use of researchers;  following technological developments around the world and adapting them to the country's conditions; improving the scientific capacity of the researchers; improving research capacity and the productivity of agricultural research organization.

GDAR is one of the main service general directorates of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey responsible for the agricultural research and development.

GDAR manages 59 research institutes dealing with the whole range of agricultural issues throughout the country.  Currently, approximately 1900 active researchers and research managers have been working within the framework of GDAR system. GDAR has 87 year- experience in the field of agricultural R&D, and currently represent about % 90 of the applied research activities.

International cooperation

Turkish researchers have been taking part institutionally in the framework programmes since 2003. After Turkey’s participation to the 6th Framework Programme, GDAR has established a coordination unitto support researchers by providing relevant information and meeting their training needs on the basis of Framework Programmes. Up to now, GDAR has carried out 12 projects under EU 6th FP, and 9 projects under 7th FP, and GDAR is the coordinator of one of them.

An average of 900 research projects are being implemented yearly and more than 550 of them are in the field of Mediterranean food and agriculture.

GDAR has been involved in all kind of transnational R&D projects and projects within FP programmes of EU, on behalf of the Ministry. Currently, GDAR is an active partner of 13 ERANets. They are: ARIMNet, EMIDA, ARPAARI, AGFORISE, RURAGRI, ERA-ARD II, ICT-AGRI, BIODIVERSA2, CORE ORGANIC II (and for the new call CORE ORGANIC Plus), AQUAMED, EUPHRESCO, SUSFOOD and ECO-ZEO.




Welcome to ARIMNet2

The countries of the Mediterranean basin face a number of common problems in relation to agriculture and food security, mainly as regards the use and management of natural resources, such as soil and water, crop protection and threats to the security and sustainability of agricultural production resulting from climate change...
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Acknowledgements: ARIMNet (2008-2013) and ARIMNet2 (2014-2017) are ERA-NETs coordinated by INRA (France).
They have received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreements no. 219262 (ARIMNet) and no. 618127 (ARIMNet2)

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this website are purely those of the writers and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission.

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