HomeResearch projectsProjects Call 2016 (ARIMNet2)PeRFORM

PeRFORM- Breeding and management practices towards resilient and productive sheep and goat systems based on locally adapted breeds

PRESENTATION

Coordinator

Charles-Henri Moulin, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UMR Systèmes d'Élevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux ; France

 
Partners
  • Samir Messad, Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement ; France

  • Jean-Christophe Paoli, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique – Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Développement de l'Élevage ; France

  • Christina Ligda, Hellenic Agricultural Organisation - DEMETER, Veterinary Research Institute ; Greece

  • Abdelilah Araba, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II ; Morocco

  • Adel Aboulnaga, The Agricultural Research Center - Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation ; Egypt

  

Keywords: 

Breeds, Small ruminant, Resilience, Livestock Farming Systems, Dynamics

Abstract:

In the Mediterranean hinterlands livestock activities are often one of the pillars of the livelihoods for rural families. As strong changes are faced by the livestock farmers, the need to improve the resilience of the current production systems is a major stake. The livestock farming systems, especially sheep and goat, are based on the use of an important diversity of locally adapted animal populations, able to valorise scarce and variable feed resources. Those genetic resources are acknowledged as an important means to increase resilience of production systems. Those resources are dynamics, as there is a co-evolution of the farmer practices and the animal populations, as components of a socio-technical system. This co-evolution enables the adaption of the livestock activities to the change of the context (climatic, biophysical, socio-economic, and politic). The aim of the project is to strengthen the capacity of local livestock systems to cope with changes and hazards and to keep supporting the livelihoods of rural families, by developing a global approach of this coevolution between farmer practices and animal populations. Our hypothesis is that the locally adapted breeds are a technical, but also an organisational object supporting the resilience and the productivity of livestock activities in the Mediterranean areas. The project will study the practices and the dynamics of sociotechnical systems using local breeds in various situations in four countries (Morocco, France, Egypt and Greece). Contrasted territories will be studied, with goat and/or sheep production systems, oriented to meat or milk production, with local breeds embedded in selection schemes, or animal population without formal genetic breeding management. The first part of the project will provide new elements on the farmers’ breeding practices both at farm and territory level. The second part of the project will provide new elements on the resilience of small ruminants farming systems at several time scales (long term and short term) and following several changes (extreme climate events, market evolution, sanitary crisis etc.), and the role played by locally adapted breed in such a resilience. To integrate those two parts, a participatory approach will be developed with public and private stakeholders, so as to share the comprehension of the current situation and use the knowledge built during the project in order to design the evolution of the practices.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 
     

OUTCOMES

 

Final outcomes

 

Mid-term outcomes

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

  

 

 

 

 

Welcome to ARIMNet2

The countries of the Mediterranean basin face a number of common problems in relation to agriculture and food security, mainly as regards the use and management of natural resources, such as soil and water, crop protection and threats to the security and sustainability of agricultural production resulting from climate change...
read more

Calendar of Events

August 2017
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Connection to Intranet



About us

Acknowledgements: ARIMNet (2008-2013) and ARIMNet2 (2014-2017) are ERA-NETs coordinated by INRA (France).
They have received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreements no. 219262 (ARIMNet) and no. 618127 (ARIMNet2)
 

 
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this website are purely those of the writers and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission.
 
 

Contact Us

  ARIMNet2 Coordinator: Dr. Florence JACQUET (INRA, FR) 
 
arimnet@arimnet.net 
  ARIMNet2 Assistant CoordinatorDr. Fabrice GOURIVEAU (INRA, FR) 
 
fabrice.gouriveau@supagro.inra.fr
  ARIMNet2 Webmaster: 
 
webmaster@arimnet.net